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TMS Health Solutions is now Mindful Health Solutions.

Theodore Goodman, MD

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About Theodore Goodman, MD

Dr. Goodman is a Board-Certified Psychiatrist specializing in treatment-resistant patients who may be suffering from depression, bipolar disorders, anxiety, psychoses, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) and related conditions. He has over thirty years of experience.

His greatest gratification and satisfaction come from seeing his patients and their families find relief. He recognizes that some patients may have anxiety about a chosen treatment, be it Transcranial Magnetic Simulation (TMS), Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT), or Ketamine Infusion Therapy. He sees his role as being both a physician and a cheerleader for his patients, who have not responded to first-line treatments such as medications and psychotherapy.

He is committed to providing a thorough assessment of each patient’s situation so that he can recommend the treatment that is most appropriate for the patient’s needs, and most likely to be effective. He can educate his patients on what is necessary for them to get better, and he is reassuring to them and their families during the chosen treatment.

His primary focus is ECT. Still, he has been involved for 30 years in all aspects of Interventional Psychiatry, including TMS, transcranial electrical stimulation (tES), Vagal Nerve Stimulation, deep brain stimulation, and computer modeling of targeted brain stimulation.

Dr. Goodman has found ECT to be a treatment that helps a significant percentage of his patients. He was first exposed to ECT in residency when he saw the dramatic results that occurred with ECT treatment.

He joined Mindful Health Solutions in the late winter of 2019.

personal interests

Having grown up in New York City, Dr. Goodman embraces the slower, less hectic lifestyle of Sacramento, and the milder climate of California. He and his wife have three kids, all of whom have grown up with an appreciation of the great outdoors. They love to ski in the winters and cycle the rest of the year. They are also a very musical family and enjoy going to a large number of musical performances, including performances by the kids!

Certifications & Memberships

International Society for ECT and Neurostimulation


education & experience

Dr. Goodman received his bachelor’s degree in humanities from Wesleyan University in Middletown, CT. He then went on to obtain his medical degree from the University of California in San Diego. While training in surgery initially, then moved on to pathology, but never found his niche until became close friends with a woman who was in graduate school in psychology, and through her, realized how fascinating psychological concepts were. At that point, he changed direction and began training in Psychiatry, and realized that he had found the niche he had been searching all along.

He completed a residency in Psychiatry at the University of California at Davis. He was Chief Resident and received an award as Resident Teacher of the Year. He then served as an Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at UC Davis and was the Director of Biologic Research for the Department. Throughout his career, he has held several teaching positions and research roles at UC Davis.

He has been the director of Interventional Psychiatry at Sutter Center for Psychiatry for the past twenty-nine years, a past Chief of Staff of the Department of Psychiatry, and Chairman of the Physician Wellness Committee for Sutter Hospitals in Sacramento. He is also past President of the Central California Psychiatric Association, and a Distinguished Life Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association. Currently, he is a Member of the Board of Directors of Aaken-Insight, a neurosciences company dedicated to increasing the precision of neuromodulatory treatments. In that role, he is engaged in research utilizing Magnetic Resonance Imaging techniques to improve the effectiveness of electrical neurostimulation, and specifically transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) therapies.


Goodman, T.A., Gerard, D.F., Bernstein, E. & Dilley, R.B. The Effects of Pulseless Perfusion on the Distribution of Renal Cortical Blood Flow and Renin Release. Surgery, 80:31-40, 1977.

Sell, S., Sala-Trepat, J., Sergeant, T.A., Thomas, K., Nahon, J.L., Goodman, T.A., and Bonner, J. Molecular Mechanisms of Control of Albumin and Alphafetoprotein Production: A System to Study the Early Effects of Chemical Hepatocarcinogens. Cell Biology International Reports, 4:235-254, 1980.

Goodman, T.A. & Tupin, J.P. The Psychobiology of Asthma: Implications for Treatment, in Bronchial Asthma: Principles of Diagnosis and Treatment. Gershwin, E., Editor, 2nd Edition, Grune & Stratton, 1986.

Weiler, P.G., Goodman, T.A. The Use of Propranolol in Alzheimer’s Disease Patients with Disruptive Behavior. Current Therapeutic Research, 42:364-374, 1987.

Gietzen, D.W., Goodman, T.A., Magliozzi, J.R., Maddock, R., Weiler, P.G. Does Age Alter the Number of Beta Receptors in Lymphocyte Membranes? Society for Neuroscience Proceedings. Abstract November 13, 1988.

Gietzen, D.W., Goodman, T.A., Fregeau, D., Graf, K. Maggliozzi, J. & Weiler, P. The lymphocyte B-Adrenergic Receptor/Effector Complex in Aging and Dementia of the Alzheimer Type. Alzheimer’s Disease and Associated Disorders, 3:132-142, 1989.

Magliozzi, J., Gietzen, D., Maddock, R., Haack, D., Graf, K., Goodman, T.A., and Weiler, P.G. Lymphocyte Beta Adrenoreceptor Density in Patients with Unipolar Depression and Normal Controls. Biological Psychiatry, 26:15-25, 1989.

Gietzen, D.W., Fregeau, D., Goodman, T.A., Weiler, B.G., Graf, K., Magliozzi, J.R., Doran, A.R. and Maddock, R.J. Beta Receptor Density in Human Lymphocyte Membranes: Changes with Aging? J. of Gerontology,46(4): 3130-4, 1991.

Maddock, R.J., Gietzen, D.W. and Goodman, T.A. Decreased lymphocyte beta-adrenoreceptor function correlates with less agoraphobia and better outcome in panic disorder. J. of Affective Disorders, 29: 27-32, 1993.

Gender Differences in Current Received during Transcranial Electrical Stimulation. Russell M, Goodman T, Wang Q, Groshong B, Lyeth BG. Front Psychiatry. 2014 Aug 15;5:104. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2014.00104. eCollection 2014. PMID: 25177301

Individual differences in transcranial electrical stimulation current density. Russell MJ, Goodman T, Pierson R, Shepherd S, Wang Q, Groshong B, Wiley DF. J Biomed Res. 2013 Nov;27(6):495-508. doi: 10.7555/JBR.27.20130074. Epub 2013 Oct 25. PMID: 24285948

Sex and Electrode Configuration in Transcranial Electrical Stimulation Michael J Russell*, Theodore Goodman, Joseph M Visse, Laural Beckett, Naomi Saito, Bruce G Lyeth, Gregg H Recanzone Original Research, Front. Psychiatry – Neuroimaging and Stimulation; DOI: 10.3389/fpsyt.2017.00147 14 August 2017